Copyright - When is a Work Original
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11 September 2009
One of the main aspects of copyright protection is to establish
that the works (over which copyright protection is being claimed) is original.
So when is a work original?
In order for a work to be original the author must have
exercised the requisite labour, skill and effort in creating that piece of work.
There is not however a definite term or measurement for the
above. Instead much will depend on the facts of the case. The bar for
originality will also be raised or lowered depending on the types of works in
question. I will now deal with both 'new works' & 'derivative works'.
Generally speaking a new work requires a low degree of labour,
skill and effort. In the past the courts have ruled that a simple drawing of a
hand or screw has copyright afforded to it.
Derivative works are those works which are based upon
In order for the works to be deemed original the following must
The labour must be of the right kind : this means that
some degree of individuality must have been exercised. A simple tracing of a
pre-existing work (whilst labour some) is not original and therefore falls foul
of this requirement.
The effort must bring about a material change in the works:
this means that the author of the new works must impose on the pre-existing
works some form of extra character and material change. The new works must be
differentiated and distinct from the original works.
About the Author
Lawdit Solicitors offer services and
advice for litigation, commercial contracts, Intellectual Property and IT legal
agreements. We are experts in commercial law with a heavy emphasis on
Intellectual Property, Internet and e-commerce law. Lawdit is a member of the
International Trademark Association, the Solicitors' Association of Higher Court
Advocates and we are the appointed Solicitors to the largest webdesign
association in the world, the United Kingdom Website Designers Association.
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Article Published/Sorted/Amended on Scopulus 2009-09-30 12:37:51 in Legal Articles