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STATISTICAL PRESS RELEASE 25/09/08
Energy Trends and Quarterly Energy Prices publications are published today 25
September by the Department for Business, Enterprise & Regulatory Reform. Energy
Trends covers statistics on energy production and consumption, in total and by
fuel, and provides an analysis of the year on year changes. The September
edition of Energy Trends also includes articles on: "Renewable energy in
Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the regions of England in 2007" and "CHP
in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the regions of England in 2007".
Quarterly Energy Prices covers prices to domestic and industrial consumers,
prices of oil products and comparisons of international fuel prices.
TOTAL ENERGY: QUARTER 2 2008
Total Energy - consumption1
(1) Total inland consumption on a primary fuel input basis (seasonally
adjusted and temperature corrected annual rates).
Million tonnes of Percentage change
oil equivalent on a year earlier
Total production 44.9 -3.9
Unadjusted 51.0 +0.4
Seasonally adjusted and 227.9 -2.1
temperature corrected - annual rate
* Total production in the second quarter of 2008 at 44.9 million tonnes of
oil equivalent was 3.9 per cent lower than in the second quarter of 2007.
* Final energy consumption in the second quarter of 2008 was 0.4 per cent
higher than in the second quarter of 2007.
When examining seasonally adjusted and temperature corrected annualised
* Total inland consumption on a primary fuel input basis was 227.9 million
tonnes of oil equivalent in the second quarter of 2008, 2.1 per cent lower than
the same quarter in 2007.
* Between the second quarters of 2007 and 2008 coal and other solid fuel
consumption rose by 3.0 per cent.
* Oil consumption fell by 4.7 per cent.
* Gas consumption fell by 0.8 per cent.
* Primary electricity consumption decreased by 11.2 per cent.
COAL: QUARTER 2 2008
Coal production and imports
Thousand tonnes Percentage change on a
Coal production 4,597 +4.4
Coal imports 9,817 -3.5
Coal demand 13,313 +6.6
- Power stations 10,221 +2.7
- Coke ovens 1,538 +2.7
- Final users 615 +11.0
* Provisional figures for the second quarter of 2008 show that coal
production (including an estimate for slurry) was up 4.4 per cent on the second
quarter of 2007 at 4.6 million tonnes. The increase was mainly due to an
increase of 9.6 per cent in deep mined production. Opencast production increased
by 0.2 per cent.
* Imports of coal in the second quarter of 2008 were 3.5 per cent lower than
in the second quarter of 2007 at 9.8 million tonnes.
* Demand for coal in the second quarter of 2008, at 13.3 million tonnes, was
6.6 per cent higher than in the second quarter of 2007. Consumption by
electricity generators was up by 2.7 per cent to 10.2 million tonnes.
* Coal stocks showed a seasonal rise of 0.9 million tonnes during the second
quarter of 2008, and at the end of June 2008 stood at 13.3 million tonnes, 4.4
million tonnes lower than at the end of June 2007. Provisionally, by the end of
July 2008 stocks had increased further to 14.5 million tonnes.
OIL: QUARTER 2 2008
Demand for transport fuels
Thousand tonnes Percentage change on a
Oil production 18,726 -5.3
Refinery throughput 20,350 -3.4
Net imports 948 -
Primary demand 19,078 -0.5
- Motor spirit 4,192 -5.8
- DERV fuel 5,216 -0.9
- Aviation turbine fuel 3,144 -3.4
* Total indigenous UK production of crude oil and NGLs in the second quarter
of 2008 decreased by 5.3 per cent compared with 2007 to 18.7 million tonnes.
Nine new fields started production in the year ending June 2008.
* The UK was a net importer of oil and oil products in the second quarter of
2008 by 0.9 million tonnes. In the same period of 2007 the UK was a net exporter
by 1 million tonnes.
* Overall primary demand for oil products in the second quarter of 2008 was
0.5 per cent lower when compared with last year.
* Motor spirit deliveries fell by 5.8 per cent. Deliveries of Derv fuel fell
by 0.9 per cent. Deliveries of aviation turbine fuel fell by 3.4 per cent.
GAS: QUARTER 2 2008
Production of natural gas
TWh Percentage change on a
Gas production 204.20 -1.0
Gas imports 82.13 +26.9
Gas exports 32.44 -18.6
Gas demand 232.08 +3.7
- Electricity generation 91.17 -2.9
- Domestic 62.75 +13.6
* Total indigenous UK production of natural gas in the second quarter of 2008
was 1.0 per cent lower than in the corresponding quarter a year earlier.
* Compared with the second quarter of 2007, exports of natural gas fell by
18.6 per cent while imports increased by 26.9 per cent. Net imports of gas at
49.7 TWh were double the level they were in the second quarter of 2007.
* Demand for gas in the second quarter of 2008 was 3.7 per cent higher than
the level in the second quarter of 2007.
* Gas use for electricity generation was 2.9 per cent lower than in the
second quarter of 2007, with higher gas prices (than a year earlier) and
increased coal-fired generation discouraging gas use.
* Provisionally, consumption in the domestic sector rose by 13.6 per cent on
the second quarter of 2007, mainly due to lower than average temperatures in
April and June increasing demand for space and water heating whereas
temperatures a year earlier were much higher than average.
* In public administration, commerce and agriculture, consumption rose by
12.3 per cent compared with a year earlier. In the industrial sector, gas sales
were provisionally 5.7 per cent higher than in the second quarter of 2007.
ELECTRICITY: QUARTER 2 2008
Electricity supplied, by source
* Electricity supplied by generators in the second quarter of 2008 was, in
total, 0.9 per cent up on the second quarter of 2007.
* Supply from gas was 4.0 per cent down on the second quarter of 2007 and
supply from nuclear sources 19.3 per cent lower.
* Supply from coal during the quarter was 9.1 per cent higher than a year
* Supply from other fuels (including oil and renewables) rose by 6.1 per
TWh Percentage change on a
Electricity supplied from
Coal 26.36 +9.1
Nuclear 11.08 -19.3
Gas 41.59 -4.0 to
Industry 27.84 -4.2
Domestic 25.46 +2.2
Other final consumers 25.55 -1.4
PRICES: QUARTER 2 2008
Some of the main points of interest in the September 2008 edition of the
Quarterly Energy Prices publication are summarised below. Further explanation,
and analyses are given in the publication.
Industrial fuel price indices in real terms including the Climate Change Levy
Fuel prices index in real terms 2008 Q2 Percentage change on a
(1), 1990=100 year earlier
Coal 121.0 +62.0
Heavy fuel oil 310.0 +46.2
Gas 155.6 +72.1
Electricity 111.4 +14.3
Total fuel 160.9 +34.0
(1) Deflated using the GDP implied deflator. Includes estimates of the
average Climate Change Levy paid.
Typical retail prices of road transport fuels
* Average industrial gas prices including CCL were 72.1 per cent higher in
real terms in Q2 2008 compared to Q2 2007, whilst prices excluding CCL were 74.1
per cent higher.
* Average industrial electricity prices including CCL were 14.3 per cent
higher in real terms in Q2 2008 compared to Q2 2007, and prices excluding CCL
were 14.2 per cent higher.
* Average coal prices were 62.0 per cent higher in real terms including CCL and
68.2 per cent higher excluding CCL in Q2 2008 compared to Q2 2007. Heavy fuel
oil prices were 46.2 per cent higher in real terms than a year ago.
* Estimates suggest that, for the period January to June 2008, prices for
industrial electricity consumers including taxes were above the EU15 median, but
prices for industrial gas consumers were below the median.
* In mid September 2008, unleaded petrol was on average 112.5 pence per
litre, an increase of 18.1 pence per litre compared to a year earlier.
* In mid September 2008, diesel was, on average, 124.1 pence per litre, 27.8
pence per litre higher than a year earlier.
* Prices for both unleaded petrol and diesel in September 2008 are marginally
higher than in August.
* In August 2008, the UK retail price for petrol was ranked eighth highest in
the EU. The UK diesel price was ranked highest in the EU.
Retail prices of Mid September 2008(1) Percentage change
petroleum products Pence per litre on a year earlier
Unleaded petrol (2) 112.5 +19.1
Diesel (2) 124.1 +28.9
(1) Prices are provisional estimates.
Fuel price indices in the domestic sector in real terms
Retail price index fuel 2008 Q2 Percentage change on
components in real terms (1) a year earlier
Coal and smokeless fuels 128.9 +10.1
Gas 133.8 +4.9
Electricity 109.7 +7.5
Heating oils 209.7 +65.0
Total fuel and light 125.8 +9.8
(1) Deflated using the GDP implied deflator. The original source of the
indices is ONS.
Average annual domestic fuel bills (1)
2007 2008 Percentage change, Percentage
cash terms change, real
Gas (3) £552 £573 +3.8 +0.9
Electricity(4) £383 £404 +5.5 +2.5
Total (5) £935 £977 +4.5 +1.5
(1) Average annual bills for domestic customers paying on standard quarterly
credit terms. Figures for other payment methods, e.g. direct debit, are
presented in the Quarterly Energy Prices publication. Bills relate to the total
bill received in the year, and thus prices charged at that time, covering
consumption from Q4 of the previous year to Q3 of the named year.
(2) To estimate the percentage change in real terms bills were deflated using
the GDP (market prices) deflator.
(3) Gas bills are based on an annual consumption of 18,000 kWh.
(4) Electricity bills are based on an annual consumption of 3,300 kWh.
(5) The average total gas and electricity bill presented should be taken as
broadly indicative only. It is not based on individual customers, but is simply
the sum of the averages for electricity and gas.
* Provisional Q2 2008 data shows that the price paid for all fuel and light
by household consumers has risen by 9.8 per cent in real terms between Q2 2007
and Q2 2008, and by 6.7 per cent between Q1 and Q2 2008.
* Domestic electricity prices, including VAT, in Q2 2008 were 7.5 per cent
higher in real terms than in Q2 2007 and were 4.9 per cent higher than in Q1
* The price of domestic gas rose by 4.9 per cent in real terms between Q2
2007 and Q2 2008, and by 5.6 per cent between Q1 and Q2 2008.
* The price of heating oils rose by 65.0 per cent between Q2 2007 and Q2 2008
and by 23.4 per cent between Q1 and Q2 2008.
* Provisional 2008 figures for household bills suggest that an average
standard credit electricity bill increased by £21 compared to 2007. Bills for
direct debit and pre-payment customers also increased, by £25 and £18
* For gas, provisional 2008 bills suggest that an average standard credit
bill rose by £21 compared to 2007. Bills for direct debit and pre-payment bills
increased by £31 and £41 respectively.
* Combined gas and electricity standard credit bills have increased by 1.5 per
cent in real terms and 4.5 per cent in cash terms between 2007 and 2008.
* Estimates suggest that, for the period January to June 2008, prices for
medium domestic gas and electricity consumers, including tax, were the lowest
and fifth lowest in the EU 15 respectively.
RENEWABLES IN THE REGIONS
A special feature in the September 2008 Energy Trends looks at renewable
energy in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the regions of England in 2007.
The article covers all renewables including those that are not eligible for the
Renewables Obligation. It updates a similar article that was published in
September 2007. The main features of the latest statistics are:
* Scotland has greater renewables generating capacity than England, but
England generates more electricity from renewables than Scotland.
* This is because biofuels based capacity (the most common source in England)
is used more intensively than hydro and wind (which predominate in Scotland).
* In Wales generation from wind was 3 times the generation from natural flow
hydro, and Wales generates more electricity from wind than any English region.
In 2007 Scotland generated almost twice as much electricity from wind as England
did. And three times as much as Wales
* In England the region with the largest generation from renewables is now
the East and this is over 50 per cent from biofuels. The North West and East are
equally the largest in terms of generating capacity. The North East and London
have the lowest capacities, but if allowance is made for the smaller size of the
North East in economic activity terms, it is third largest behind the East and
the North West.
* In England the regions with the largest generation from wind in 2007
(including offshore wind with landfall in that region) were the North West, the
East, and the South East, while the same three regions also had the largest
generation from landfill gas.
* Yorkshire and the Humber is the largest generators from "other biofuels"
because of the co-firing of biomass in coal fired power stations.
Renewables generation by country, 2007
Renewables generation by English region, 2007
CHP IN THE REGIONS
A special feature in the September 2008 Energy Trends looks at CHP in
Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the regions of England in 2007. It updates
a similar article that was published in September 2007. The main features of the
latest statistics are:
Share of CHP electricity generation by area, 2007
* The largest contribution to electricity generation from CHP in 2007 came
from Yorkshire and the Humber. Next largest are the North East, the North West
and the South East. Nearly three quarters of the UK's CHP generation comes from
these 4 regions.
* In terms of economic activity (as measured by Gross Value Added) the North
East and Yorkshire and the Humber have the greatest regional shares of CHP
electricity generation capacity with more than twice the density of the North
West in third position.
* In terms of the share of heat generation from CHP, the North West, the
South East, Yorkshire and the Humber and Scotland predominate, together
accounting for two thirds of the UK total. In terms of economic activity,
Scotland and the North East have the highest heat capacity density by a large
* While in the UK there was a 1 per cent decrease in CHP capacity in the period
2005 to 2007, the North East recorded a 12 per cent increase (despite a decrease
in the number of schemes), but Wales recorded a large fall (mainly due to the
downgrading of the CHP capacity of a single scheme) although the number of
schemes in Wales increased.
* Northern Ireland saw the proportion of total fuel burned in CHP that is
renewable increase from less than 1 per cent in 2006 to 24 per cent in 2007
through the commissioning of one new scheme.
1. More detailed figures of United Kingdom energy production and consumption
and of energy prices, for the second quarter of 2008 are given in the September
2008 editions of ENERGY TRENDS and QUARTERLY ENERGY PRICES respectively, the
Department's statistical bulletins on energy, published on 25 September 2008.
2. Energy Trends and the Quarterly Energy Prices bulletins, published
quarterly, are available in hard copy from BERR on subscription, price £40 per
annum and on the internet at
For new subscription queries or a subscription form, telephone Amey on 01633
224712 or you can write to: Amey, 7th Floor, Clarence House, Clarence Place,
Newport South Wales NP19 7AA.
A subscription form is also available on our Internet site
Single copies of Energy Trends and Quarterly Energy Prices are also available
from the BERR Publications Orderline priced £6 and £8 respectively:
Phone: 0845 015 0010
Address: ADMAIL, 528, London, SW1W 0YT
detailed annual data on energy production and consumption for the years 2003 to
2007 are available in the DIGEST OF UNITED KINGDOM ENERGY STATISTICS 2008,
published by the Stationery Office on 31 July 2008, price £47.
information contained in the Digest is available on the Internet at
Department for Business, Enterprise & Regulatory Reform
1 Victoria Street
London SW1H 0ET
Public Enquiries: 020 7215 5000
Textphone (for enquirers with hearing impairments): 020 7215 6740
About the Author
© Crown Copyright. Material taken from the BERR- Department
for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform replacing DTI - Department for
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Article Published/Sorted/Amended on Scopulus 2008-09-25 13:31:33 in Business Articles