Font Size

Energy statistics

 By


Business Articles
Submit Articles   Back to Articles

STATISTICAL PRESS RELEASE 25/09/08

Energy Trends and Quarterly Energy Prices publications are published today 25 September by the Department for Business, Enterprise & Regulatory Reform. Energy Trends covers statistics on energy production and consumption, in total and by fuel, and provides an analysis of the year on year changes. The September edition of Energy Trends also includes articles on: "Renewable energy in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the regions of England in 2007" and "CHP in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the regions of England in 2007". Quarterly Energy Prices covers prices to domestic and industrial consumers, prices of oil products and comparisons of international fuel prices.

TOTAL ENERGY: QUARTER 2 2008

Total Energy - consumption1

(1) Total inland consumption on a primary fuel input basis (seasonally adjusted and temperature corrected annual rates).

2008 Q2

                            Million tonnes of  Percentage change
                                     oil equivalent  on a year earlier
      Total production                         44.9               -3.9
      Total consumption
      Unadjusted                               51.0               +0.4
      Seasonally adjusted and                 227.9               -2.1
      temperature corrected - annual rate  


 

* Total production in the second quarter of 2008 at 44.9 million tonnes of oil equivalent was 3.9 per cent lower than in the second quarter of 2007.

* Final energy consumption in the second quarter of 2008 was 0.4 per cent higher than in the second quarter of 2007.

When examining seasonally adjusted and temperature corrected annualised rates:

* Total inland consumption on a primary fuel input basis was 227.9 million tonnes of oil equivalent in the second quarter of 2008, 2.1 per cent lower than the same quarter in 2007.

* Between the second quarters of 2007 and 2008 coal and other solid fuel consumption rose by 3.0 per cent.

* Oil consumption fell by 4.7 per cent.

* Gas consumption fell by 0.8 per cent.

* Primary electricity consumption decreased by 11.2 per cent.

COAL: QUARTER 2 2008

Coal production and imports

2008 Q2

                       Thousand tonnes   Percentage change on a
                                                         year earlier
      Coal production                  4,597                     +4.4
      Coal imports                     9,817                     -3.5
      Coal demand                     13,313                     +6.6
      - Power stations                10,221                     +2.7
      - Coke ovens                     1,538                     +2.7
      - Final users                      615                    +11.0 


 

* Provisional figures for the second quarter of 2008 show that coal production (including an estimate for slurry) was up 4.4 per cent on the second quarter of 2007 at 4.6 million tonnes. The increase was mainly due to an increase of 9.6 per cent in deep mined production. Opencast production increased by 0.2 per cent.

* Imports of coal in the second quarter of 2008 were 3.5 per cent lower than in the second quarter of 2007 at 9.8 million tonnes.

* Demand for coal in the second quarter of 2008, at 13.3 million tonnes, was 6.6 per cent higher than in the second quarter of 2007. Consumption by electricity generators was up by 2.7 per cent to 10.2 million tonnes.

* Coal stocks showed a seasonal rise of 0.9 million tonnes during the second quarter of 2008, and at the end of June 2008 stood at 13.3 million tonnes, 4.4 million tonnes lower than at the end of June 2007. Provisionally, by the end of July 2008 stocks had increased further to 14.5 million tonnes.

OIL: QUARTER 2 2008

Demand for transport fuels

2008 Q2

                         Thousand tonnes   Percentage change on a
                                                           year earlier
      Oil production                    18,726                     -5.3
      Refinery throughput               20,350                     -3.4
      Net imports                          948                        -
      Primary demand                    19,078                     -0.5
      - Motor spirit                     4,192                     -5.8
      - DERV fuel                        5,216                     -0.9
      - Aviation turbine fuel            3,144                     -3.4 


 

* Total indigenous UK production of crude oil and NGLs in the second quarter of 2008 decreased by 5.3 per cent compared with 2007 to 18.7 million tonnes. Nine new fields started production in the year ending June 2008.

* The UK was a net importer of oil and oil products in the second quarter of 2008 by 0.9 million tonnes. In the same period of 2007 the UK was a net exporter by 1 million tonnes.

* Overall primary demand for oil products in the second quarter of 2008 was 0.5 per cent lower when compared with last year.

* Motor spirit deliveries fell by 5.8 per cent. Deliveries of Derv fuel fell by 0.9 per cent. Deliveries of aviation turbine fuel fell by 3.4 per cent.

GAS: QUARTER 2 2008

Production of natural gas

2008 Q2

                                  TWh   Percentage change on a
                                                        year earlier
      Gas production                 204.20                     -1.0
      Gas imports                     82.13                    +26.9
      Gas exports                     32.44                    -18.6
      Gas demand                     232.08                     +3.7
      - Electricity generation        91.17                     -2.9
      - Domestic                      62.75                    +13.6 


 

* Total indigenous UK production of natural gas in the second quarter of 2008 was 1.0 per cent lower than in the corresponding quarter a year earlier.

* Compared with the second quarter of 2007, exports of natural gas fell by 18.6 per cent while imports increased by 26.9 per cent. Net imports of gas at 49.7 TWh were double the level they were in the second quarter of 2007.

* Demand for gas in the second quarter of 2008 was 3.7 per cent higher than the level in the second quarter of 2007.

* Gas use for electricity generation was 2.9 per cent lower than in the second quarter of 2007, with higher gas prices (than a year earlier) and increased coal-fired generation discouraging gas use.

* Provisionally, consumption in the domestic sector rose by 13.6 per cent on the second quarter of 2007, mainly due to lower than average temperatures in April and June increasing demand for space and water heating whereas temperatures a year earlier were much higher than average.

* In public administration, commerce and agriculture, consumption rose by 12.3 per cent compared with a year earlier. In the industrial sector, gas sales were provisionally 5.7 per cent higher than in the second quarter of 2007.

ELECTRICITY: QUARTER 2 2008

Electricity supplied, by source

* Electricity supplied by generators in the second quarter of 2008 was, in total, 0.9 per cent up on the second quarter of 2007.

* Supply from gas was 4.0 per cent down on the second quarter of 2007 and supply from nuclear sources 19.3 per cent lower.

* Supply from coal during the quarter was 9.1 per cent higher than a year earlier.

* Supply from other fuels (including oil and renewables) rose by 6.1 per cent.

2008 Q2

                                TWh     Percentage change on a
                                                        year earlier
      Electricity supplied from
      Coal                          26.36                       +9.1
      Nuclear                       11.08                      -19.3
      Gas                           41.59                       -4.0 to
      Industry                      27.84                       -4.2
      Domestic                      25.46                       +2.2
      Other final consumers         25.55                       -1.4 


 

PRICES: QUARTER 2 2008

Some of the main points of interest in the September 2008 edition of the Quarterly Energy Prices publication are summarised below. Further explanation, and analyses are given in the publication.

Industrial fuel price indices in real terms including the Climate Change Levy

Fuel prices index in real terms  2008 Q2  Percentage change on a
      (1), 1990=100                                       year earlier
      Coal                               121.0                   +62.0
      Heavy fuel oil                     310.0                   +46.2
      Gas                                155.6                   +72.1
      Electricity                        111.4                   +14.3
      Total fuel                         160.9                   +34.0 


 

(1) Deflated using the GDP implied deflator. Includes estimates of the average Climate Change Levy paid.

Typical retail prices of road transport fuels

* Average industrial gas prices including CCL were 72.1 per cent higher in real terms in Q2 2008 compared to Q2 2007, whilst prices excluding CCL were 74.1 per cent higher.

* Average industrial electricity prices including CCL were 14.3 per cent higher in real terms in Q2 2008 compared to Q2 2007, and prices excluding CCL were 14.2 per cent higher.
* Average coal prices were 62.0 per cent higher in real terms including CCL and 68.2 per cent higher excluding CCL in Q2 2008 compared to Q2 2007. Heavy fuel oil prices were 46.2 per cent higher in real terms than a year ago.
* Estimates suggest that, for the period January to June 2008, prices for industrial electricity consumers including taxes were above the EU15 median, but prices for industrial gas consumers were below the median.

* In mid September 2008, unleaded petrol was on average 112.5 pence per litre, an increase of 18.1 pence per litre compared to a year earlier.

* In mid September 2008, diesel was, on average, 124.1 pence per litre, 27.8 pence per litre higher than a year earlier.

* Prices for both unleaded petrol and diesel in September 2008 are marginally higher than in August.

* In August 2008, the UK retail price for petrol was ranked eighth highest in the EU. The UK diesel price was ranked highest in the EU.

Retail prices of       Mid September 2008(1)  Percentage change
      petroleum products           Pence per litre  on a year earlier
      Unleaded petrol (2)                    112.5              +19.1
      Diesel (2)                             124.1              +28.9 

(1) Prices are provisional estimates.

Fuel price indices in the domestic sector in real terms

Retail price index fuel        2008 Q2  Percentage change on
      components in real terms (1)                  a year earlier
      1990=100
      Coal and smokeless fuels         128.9                 +10.1
      Gas                              133.8                  +4.9
      Electricity                      109.7                  +7.5
      Heating oils                     209.7                 +65.0
      Total fuel and light             125.8                  +9.8 

(1) Deflated using the GDP implied deflator. The original source of the indices is ONS.

Average annual domestic fuel bills (1)

                 2007  2008 Percentage change,        Percentage
                                          cash terms      change, real
                                                             terms (2)
      Gas (3)          552  573               +3.8              +0.9
      Electricity(4)   383  404               +5.5              +2.5
      Total (5)        935  977               +4.5              +1.5 


 

(1) Average annual bills for domestic customers paying on standard quarterly credit terms. Figures for other payment methods, e.g. direct debit, are presented in the Quarterly Energy Prices publication. Bills relate to the total bill received in the year, and thus prices charged at that time, covering consumption from Q4 of the previous year to Q3 of the named year.

(2) To estimate the percentage change in real terms bills were deflated using the GDP (market prices) deflator.

(3) Gas bills are based on an annual consumption of 18,000 kWh.

(4) Electricity bills are based on an annual consumption of 3,300 kWh.

(5) The average total gas and electricity bill presented should be taken as broadly indicative only. It is not based on individual customers, but is simply the sum of the averages for electricity and gas.

* Provisional Q2 2008 data shows that the price paid for all fuel and light by household consumers has risen by 9.8 per cent in real terms between Q2 2007 and Q2 2008, and by 6.7 per cent between Q1 and Q2 2008.

* Domestic electricity prices, including VAT, in Q2 2008 were 7.5 per cent higher in real terms than in Q2 2007 and were 4.9 per cent higher than in Q1 2008.

* The price of domestic gas rose by 4.9 per cent in real terms between Q2 2007 and Q2 2008, and by 5.6 per cent between Q1 and Q2 2008.

* The price of heating oils rose by 65.0 per cent between Q2 2007 and Q2 2008 and by 23.4 per cent between Q1 and Q2 2008.

* Provisional 2008 figures for household bills suggest that an average standard credit electricity bill increased by 21 compared to 2007. Bills for direct debit and pre-payment customers also increased, by 25 and 18 respectively.

* For gas, provisional 2008 bills suggest that an average standard credit bill rose by 21 compared to 2007. Bills for direct debit and pre-payment bills increased by 31 and 41 respectively.
* Combined gas and electricity standard credit bills have increased by 1.5 per cent in real terms and 4.5 per cent in cash terms between 2007 and 2008.

* Estimates suggest that, for the period January to June 2008, prices for medium domestic gas and electricity consumers, including tax, were the lowest and fifth lowest in the EU 15 respectively.

RENEWABLES IN THE REGIONS

A special feature in the September 2008 Energy Trends looks at renewable energy in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the regions of England in 2007. The article covers all renewables including those that are not eligible for the Renewables Obligation. It updates a similar article that was published in September 2007. The main features of the latest statistics are:

* Scotland has greater renewables generating capacity than England, but England generates more electricity from renewables than Scotland.

* This is because biofuels based capacity (the most common source in England) is used more intensively than hydro and wind (which predominate in Scotland).

* In Wales generation from wind was 3 times the generation from natural flow hydro, and Wales generates more electricity from wind than any English region. In 2007 Scotland generated almost twice as much electricity from wind as England did. And three times as much as Wales

* In England the region with the largest generation from renewables is now the East and this is over 50 per cent from biofuels. The North West and East are equally the largest in terms of generating capacity. The North East and London have the lowest capacities, but if allowance is made for the smaller size of the North East in economic activity terms, it is third largest behind the East and the North West.

* In England the regions with the largest generation from wind in 2007 (including offshore wind with landfall in that region) were the North West, the East, and the South East, while the same three regions also had the largest generation from landfill gas.

* Yorkshire and the Humber is the largest generators from "other biofuels" because of the co-firing of biomass in coal fired power stations.

Renewables generation by country, 2007

Renewables generation by English region, 2007

CHP IN THE REGIONS

A special feature in the September 2008 Energy Trends looks at CHP in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the regions of England in 2007. It updates a similar article that was published in September 2007. The main features of the latest statistics are:

Share of CHP electricity generation by area, 2007

* The largest contribution to electricity generation from CHP in 2007 came from Yorkshire and the Humber. Next largest are the North East, the North West and the South East. Nearly three quarters of the UK's CHP generation comes from these 4 regions.
* In terms of economic activity (as measured by Gross Value Added) the North East and Yorkshire and the Humber have the greatest regional shares of CHP electricity generation capacity with more than twice the density of the North West in third position.

* In terms of the share of heat generation from CHP, the North West, the South East, Yorkshire and the Humber and Scotland predominate, together accounting for two thirds of the UK total. In terms of economic activity, Scotland and the North East have the highest heat capacity density by a large margin.
* While in the UK there was a 1 per cent decrease in CHP capacity in the period 2005 to 2007, the North East recorded a 12 per cent increase (despite a decrease in the number of schemes), but Wales recorded a large fall (mainly due to the downgrading of the CHP capacity of a single scheme) although the number of schemes in Wales increased.
* Northern Ireland saw the proportion of total fuel burned in CHP that is renewable increase from less than 1 per cent in 2006 to 24 per cent in 2007 through the commissioning of one new scheme.

Notes

1. More detailed figures of United Kingdom energy production and consumption and of energy prices, for the second quarter of 2008 are given in the September 2008 editions of ENERGY TRENDS and QUARTERLY ENERGY PRICES respectively, the Department's statistical bulletins on energy, published on 25 September 2008.

2. Energy Trends and the Quarterly Energy Prices bulletins, published quarterly, are available in hard copy from BERR on subscription, price 40 per annum and on the internet at
http://w ww.berr.gov.uk/energy/statistics/publications/index.html

For new subscription queries or a subscription form, telephone Amey on 01633 224712 or you can write to: Amey, 7th Floor, Clarence House, Clarence Place, Newport South Wales NP19 7AA.

A subscription form is also available on our Internet site h ttp://www.berr.gov.uk/energy/statistics/publications/trends/index.html

Single copies of Energy Trends and Quarterly Energy Prices are also available from the BERR Publications Orderline priced 6 and 8 respectively:
Web: http://www.berr.gov.uk/publications
Phone: 0845 015 0010
Address: ADMAIL, 528, London, SW1W 0YT
Email: publications@berr.gsi.gov.uk

3. More detailed annual data on energy production and consumption for the years 2003 to 2007 are available in the DIGEST OF UNITED KINGDOM ENERGY STATISTICS 2008, published by the Stationery Office on 31 July 2008, price 47.

All information contained in the Digest is available on the Internet at http://www.berr.gov.uk/energy/statistics/publications/dukes/page45537.html

ISSUED BY:
Department for Business, Enterprise & Regulatory Reform
1 Victoria Street
London SW1H 0ET

TELEPHONE:
Public Enquiries: 020 7215 5000

General Enquiries
Textphone (for enquirers with hearing impairments): 020 7215 6740


About the Author

Crown Copyright. Material taken from the BERR- Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform replacing DTI - Department for Trade and Industry. Reproduced under the terms and conditions of the Click-Use Licence.


Follow us @Scopulus_News

Article Published/Sorted/Amended on Scopulus 2008-09-25 13:31:33 in Business Articles

All Articles