HM Revenue and Customs Brief 18/10
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Issued 29 March 2010
Excise duty: Relief scheme for biodiesel produced from waste cooking oil
Purpose of this brief
This Revenue and Customs brief provides information on a relief scheme being
introduced on 1 April 2010 for biodiesel produced from waste cooking oil. From 1
April 2010 duty rates for biodiesel and bioethanol are being increased to the
same level as conventional petrol and diesel, but waste cooking oil will
continue to benefit from a 20 pence per litre (ppl) duty differential for a
period of 2 years.
Who needs to read this?
Producers of biodiesel from waste cooking oil who are liable to pay biofuel
With effect from 1 April 2010, the duty rates for biodiesel and bioethanol
are being increased to the same level as conventional petrol and diesel, as the
Renewable Transport Fuels Obligation (RTFO) becomes the main support mechanism
for biofuels. However, biodiesel produced from waste cooking oil, also known as
used cooking oil, will continue to benefit from a 20 ppl duty differential for a
limited period of 2 years.
The decision to maintain the duty differential for biodiesel produced from
waste cooking oil is being implemented by the introduction of a relief scheme.
The scheme, being introduced on 1 April 2010 to coincide with the increase in
duty rates, allows producers of biodiesel from waste cooking oil to off-set an
allowance of 20 ppl against duty that is payable. The net effect of the relief
is that producers of biodiesel from waste cooking oil will be paying duty at a
rate that is 20 ppl less than the rate on biodiesel from other sources
prescribed in section 6AA(3) of the Hydrocarbon Oil Duties Act 1979.
Who is eligible to claim relief?
Producers of biodiesel from waste cooking oil who are approved under the
Excise Duties (Deferred Payment) Regulations 1992, or who are liable to pay
biofuels duty in accordance with the Biofuels & Other Fuel Substitutes
Producer means a person who sets biofuel aside for a chargeable use or who
makes a chargeable use of biofuel, with the consequence that biofuels duty is
Chargeable use means as fuel for any engine, motor or other machinery, as
additive or extender in any substance so used, or for the production of bioblend.
Has there been any change to the definition of biodiesel?
No. Biodiesel continues to be defined as diesel quality liquid fuel that is
produced from biomass or waste cooking oil, the ester content of which is not
less than 96.5 per cent by weight, and the sulphur content of which does not
exceed 0.005 per cent by weight or is nil. However, relief is only allowed in
relation to biodiesel that has been produced from waste cooking oil and on which
duty has been charged (that is, the biodiesel has been set aside for a
How is the relief to be calculated?
The amount to be off-set against duty that is charged is to be calculated
according to the following formula:
(A - B) x V
Where A is the duty rate on biodiesel specified in HODA (from 1 April 2010,
this will be the same rate as for heavy oil),
B is A minus 20 PPL, and
V is the volume, in litres, of biodiesel produced from waste cooking oil.
The net effect of the relief is that producers of biodiesel from waste
cooking oil will be paying duty at a rate that is 20 PPL less than the rate on
biodiesel from other sources.
Will biodiesel produced from waste cooking oil have its own tax code?
Yes, the tax code for biodiesel produced from waste cooking oil will be 580.
The tax code for all other types of biodiesel is 589.
How do I actually claim the relief?
If you are eligible to claim the relief and you submit an HO10, you should
use the appropriate line in Part 1a (Tax code 580: Biodiesel produced from waste
cooking oil) to declare the duty less the relief, calculated using the formula
If you submit a HO 930, complete the row that says 'Other'. You should add
the tax code (580) in the first column and in the description box add 'biodiesel
from waste cooking oil'. The amount of duty due should be the duty that is
charged on that quantity of biodiesel less the relief, calculated using the
formula given above.
What evidence will HMRC require that the biodiesel has been produced from
waste cooking oil?
HMRC will require documentary evidence that the biodiesel on which relief has
been claimed has been produced from waste cooking oil. An example of a document
is a Waste Transfer Note (WTN) which must accompany the transfer of waste.
HMRC will not be prescriptive on types of documents.
Do I need to submit evidence for my relief claim with my return?
No. Please keep your documentary evidence as part of your records. HMRC will
contact you should they wish to verify your claim.
What if I produce/blend biodiesel from various feedstocks?
You will only be able to claim relief in relation to biodiesel produced from
waste cooking oils.
What if I produce less than 2,500 litres per annum and am classified as an
The provisions relating to small producers are not affected.
How will imported biodiesel be treated?
In the same way as home produced biodiesel. Provided satisfactory evidence
can be provided that the biodiesel has been produced from waste cooking oil,
relief may be claimed.
Will off road biodiesel be affected?
No. Biodiesel used other than as road fuel will continue to be subject to a
rebated rate of duty as is currently the case.
How long will the relief be for?
The relief scheme will come to an end on 31 March 2012.
About the Author
© Crown Copyright 2010.
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Article Published/Sorted/Amended on Scopulus 2010-06-14 12:01:34 in Tax Articles