Spring Budget 2017- 21 things you need to know
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First published:8 March 2017
The Chancellor has presented his Budget to Parliament – here's
summary of what was announced.
1. The economic forecast
Growth in the UK economy picked up through 2016. Employment
has reached a record high of 31.8 million people.
The Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR)
now forecasts that the UK economy will grow by 2% in 2017. The OBR
also forecast that the economy will grow at a slightly slower rate in
2018, before picking up to 2% in 2021.
Cutting borrowing and stabilising the public finances
Britain has a debt of nearly £1.7 trillion – around £62,000
for every household in the country.
In 2009-10 the UK borrowed £1 in every £5 that was spent. This
year it is set to be £1 in every £15.
Borrowing is forecast to be reduced by nearly three quarters
£2 billion for adult social care over the next three years
This will help councils to provide high quality social care to
more people and help to ease pressure on the NHS.
£425 million investment in the NHS in the next three years
£325 million will be invested in a first set of the best local
Sustainability and Transformation Plans (STPs).
STPs are the NHS’s plans for improving patient services in
local regions, developed collaboratively by NHS service leaders and
their local partners.
£100 million will go to A&E departments in 2017-18, to
help them manage demand ahead of next winter, and help patients get to
primary care faster. For example, it will provide more on-site GP
facilities and more space in A&E units for assessment of
patients when they arrive.
Investment in technical education for 16 to 19 year olds rising to over
New T-levels for 16 to 19 year old technical students will be
introduced from autumn 2019. Students will be able to choose from 15
different routes such as construction, digital or agriculture.
The number of hours of training for these students will
increase by over 50%. As part of the course, all students will take
part in an industry work placement.
The government will also provide maintenance loans for
students doing higher-level technical courses at National Colleges and
Institutes of Technology – like those available to university students.
£300 million investment for new academic research placements
£90 million will provide 1,000 new PhD places, including in
science, technology, engineering and maths.
£210 million will create new fellowships, including programmes
to attract top global talent to conduct research in areas such as
bioscience and biotechnology, quantum technologies, and satellite and
Loans for part time and doctoral students from 2018
The government will provide maintenance loans for people
entering part time degrees, and doctoral loans of up to £25,000 to
support higher-level study.
£536 million for new free schools and to maintain existing schools
£320 million will go to new free schools. Free schools are
funded by the government but set up by groups like parents, charities
or community and faith groups.
£216 million will be invested in school maintenance.
Free transport for children from poorer families who go to selective
Children aged 11 to 16 who get free school meals or whose
parents are on the Maximum Working Tax Credit will get free transport
to their closest selective school, if it is between two and 15 miles
away from their home.
Children aged 8 to 16 are already entitled to free transport
to their closest suitable school, if they live more than three miles
Tax-Free Childcare will soon be available to working parents
Tax-Free Childcare will provide up to £2,000 a year in
childcare support for each child under 12.
Parents will be able to receive up to £4,000 for disabled
children up to the age of 17.
Parents of younger children will be able to apply for the
scheme first, with all eligible parents able to access the scheme by
the end of the year.
Working parents in England will also be able to apply for an
additional 15 hours of free childcare for three and four year olds,
bringing the total to 30 hours a week.
11. New ways to
The government will investigate ways to protect consumers from
unnecessary costs and inefficiencies, including:
- preventing consumers being charged unexpectedly when a
subscription is renewed or a free trial ends
- making terms & conditions simpler and clearer
including in digital contracts, like when you sign up to a social
- fining companies that mislead or mistreat consumers
£270 million to launch the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund
Initial funding will support research and innovation in
universities and businesses, in areas like:
- developing artificial intelligence and robotics that will
work in extreme environments, like offshore energy, nuclear energy and
- designing and manufacturing better batteries for new
electric vehicles that will help improve our air quality
- improving medicine manufacturing technologies to speed up
patient access to drugs
Improving transport with the National Productivity Investment Fund
The government is funding improvements to transport
- £690 million for new local transport projects, to improve
congestion on roads and public transport
- £220 million to improve congestion points on national
roads, with £90 million going to the North and £23 million to the
- supporting local projects in the next twelve months like
improvements on the A483 corridor in Cheshire and on the Leicester
Outer Ring Road
A new strategy to make the UK a world leader in 5G technology
£16 million for a national 5G Innovation Network to trial new
And £200 million for local projects to build fast and reliable
full-fibre broadband networks.
A three-year NS&I Investment Bond with a market-leading
interest rate of 2.2%
The bond will be available for 12 months from April 2017.
The government announced the NS&I Investment Bond at
Autumn Statement 2016. It will be open to everyone aged 16 and over
with the flexibility to save between £100 and £3,000 over three years.
The Lifetime ISA will be available from 6 April this year
The Lifetime ISA will allow younger adults to save up to
£4,000 each year and receive a bonus of up to £1,000 a year on these
contributions. Funds can be withdrawn tax-free to put towards a first
home or saved until a person turns 60.
International Women’s Day
A new £5 million fund will go to projects celebrating the
100th anniversary of the Representation of the People Act next year,
and to educate young people about its significance. The Representation
of the People Act (1918) was the first legislative step towards equal
voting rights for men and women.
Working with businesses and the public sector, the government
will also invest £5 million to increase the number of returnships,
helping people back into employment after a career break.
And another £20 million will support organisations working to
combat domestic violence and abuse or supporting victims. This
increases the total funding for implementing the government’s Ending
Violence Against Women and Girls Strategy to £100 million by the end of
Small Businesses and landlords under the VAT threshold will have an
extra year to prepare for Making Tax Digital (MTD)
Unincorporated businesses (businesses owned privately by one
or more people) that have an annual turnover below the VAT registration
threshold will have until April 2019 to prepare before MTD becomes
businesses will use digital software to keep tax records and update
£435 million to support businesses affected by the business rates
This means no small business that is coming out of small
business rates relief will pay more than £600 more in business rates
this year than they did in 2016-17.
Funding for local authorities will allow them to provide £300
million of discretionary relief to provide help to businesses most
affected by the revaluation.
And from April 2017, pubs with a rateable value up to £100,000
will be able to claim a £1,000 business rates discount for one year.
The main rate of National Insurance contributions (NICs)
for the self-employed will increase
Currently, the self-employed may have to pay both Class 4 and
Class 2 NICs:
- Class 4 NICs
at 9% are paid on profits between £8,060 and £43,000
- Class 2 NICs
are paid on profits of £5,965 or more
From 2018, Class 2 NICs
will be abolished. Class 4 NICs
will rise to 10% in April 2018 and to 11% in April 2019.
Taken together, only a self-employed person with profits over
£16,250 will have to pay more as a result of these changes.
This better reflects the fact that the differences in
contributory benefit entitlement between the self-employed and
employees are now small, following the introduction of the new State
Pension in April 2016.
In the summer, the government will also consider whether there
is a case for greater consistency in parental benefits between the
employed and self-employed.
Tax-free dividend allowance will be reduced from £5,000 to £2,000 from
This will reduce the tax difference between the self-employed
and those working through a company.
Typically, general investors will need over £50,000 worth of stocks and
shares outside an ISA to be affected.
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